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So you know what I don’t get? Why people repeat words. (x)

Grammar time: it’s called “contrastive reduplication,” and it’s a form of intensification that is relatively common. Finnish does a very similar thing, and others use near-reduplication (rhyme-based) to intensify, like Hungarian (pici ‘tiny’, ici-pici ‘very tiny’).

Even the typologically-distant group of Bantu languages utilize reduplication in a strikingly similar fashion with nouns: Kinande oku-gulu ‘leg’, oku-gulu-gulu ‘a REAL leg’ (Downing 2001, includes more with verbal reduplication as well).

I suppose the difficult aspect of English reduplication is not through this particular type, but the fact that it utilizes many other types of reduplication: baby talk (choo-choo, no-no), rhyming (teeny-weeny, super-duper), and the ever-famous “shm” reduplication: fancy-schmancy (a way of denying the claim that something is fancy).

screams my professor was trying to find an example of reduplication so the next class he came back and said “I FOUND REDUPLICATION IN ENGLISH” and then he said “Milk milk” and everyone was just “what?” and he said “you know when you go to a coffee shop and they ask if you want soy milk and you say ‘no i want milk milk’” and everyone just had this collective sigh of understanding.

Another name for this particular construction is contrastive focus reduplication, and there’s a famous linguistics paper about it which is commonly known as the Salad Salad Paper. You know, because if you want to make it clear that you’re not talking about pasta salad or potato salad, you might call it “salad salad”. The repetition indicates that you’re intending the most prototypical meaning of the word, like green salad or cow’s milk, even though other things can be considered types of salad or milk. 

Elementary 3.08.

Dec. 19th, 2014 12:19
selenak: (Holmes and Watson by Emme86)
[personal profile] selenak
Spoilers need to go with the programm )

(no subject)

Dec. 19th, 2014 03:00
jhameia: ME! (Default)
[personal profile] jhameia
- I think I'm packed and ready.

- I baked cookies tonight for my dad. Sigh.

- Worms seem to be doing okay. I covered them with their cloth and I'm confident they'll be okay while I'm gone.

- Went out for dinner at Sushiya with some friends.

- Looks like the only reasonable train to Los Angeles is at 3pm, which means leaving the house around 2pm with my luggage. Bah! I'll get to the airport around 6pm. So unreasonable! I wonder if LAX has anything decent to eat. Maybe I should wander around Union Station for food first.
acelightning: bookcase full of books (books)
[personal profile] acelightning
(via [livejournal.com profile] seanan_mcguire)

Katharine Kerr, author of the Deverry series and other fantasy stories, needs financial help. Her husband has Alzheimer's, and needs constant care and supervision - and Ms. Kerr is his sole caregiver. She has been supporting herself and her husband with her writing, but she no longer has time to write. She can't afford to pay for professional care. That's where we readers come in:



Dec. 19th, 2014 05:24
dglenn: Me in kilt and poofy shirt, facing away, playing acoustic guitar behind head (Default)
[personal profile] dglenn

"Presumably man's spirit should be elevated if he can better review his shady past and analyze more completely and objectively his present problems. He has built a civilization so complex that he needs to mechanize his record more fully if he is to push his experiment to its logical conclusion and not merely become bogged down part way there by overtaxing his limited memory. His excursion may be more enjoyable if he can reacquire the privilege of forgetting the manifold things he does not need to have immediately at hand, with some assurance that he can find them again if they prove important." -- Vannevar Bush, inventor and scientist (b. 1890-03-11, d. 1974-06-30), "As We May Think", Atlantic Monthly, July 1945

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My activity spikes every Wednesday because of this post 

always reblog on a wednesday, that’s the rule.

Dammit its Wednesday and I would have been rethinking scrolling past this all day if I didn’t reblog

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Me: ah, yes. Home alone. I can do whatever I want!
Me: *turns TV up a couple notches*
Me: *watches YouTube videos without headphones*
Me: shit getting crazy up in here
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hogwarts slytherin girls in their 4th year creating spells and potions that will alert you if there’s a love potion in your food/drink bc that shit is basically a date rape drug and there’s no fucking way it would be treated as a funny joke and that nobody in the wizarding world would be angry as hell about it

Wrapping up the year

Dec. 19th, 2014 20:16
skud: (Default)
[personal profile] skud
This is a crosspost from Chez Skud. You can comment here or there.

It’s a cliche to blog about how seldom you blog, so I won’t. Instead I’ll just take the opportunity to reflect a bit on 2014 in terms of my home life.

It’s been a dog of a year. It’s been difficult to focus on anything much, let alone communicate about it. The first half of the year I was buried in personal stuff, and the second half of the year had more of that and then a lot of travel and busy-ness piled on top.

Most days I’m happy if I eat regular meals. I’ve had some great food this year, but mostly it just seems like a slog, trying to balance my body’s need for fuel, my inner self’s food-related hangups and issues, and the logistics of having food in the house, and having space and time to prepare it. I’ve had to cut myself a fair bit of slack on convenience foods and on food waste. Sometimes it’s better to buy a pile of fruit and vegetables just so I have them as an option, even if in the end I don’t eat them all and some of them wind up in the compost. Or to open a jar of something perishable so I can eat well now, even if I’m going away tomorrow or the next day and know I can’t finish it.

When times are hard I just keep trying to slog through it, do what I can, and remember nobody’s standing over me with a clipboard awarding points or writing down criticisms in red pen.

Some things I cooked/ate this year and didn’t post to the blog:

broad beans and leek from the garden, with ham, on homemade sourdough

broad beans and leek from the garden, with ham, on homemade sourdough

salad with red rice, sprouted lentils, tomato, kale, fetta, olives, and marinated artichoke hearts

salad with red rice, sprouted lentils, tomato, kale, fetta, olives, and marinated artichoke hearts

nettle soup

virulently green nettle soup with potato and ham


nachos with black beans and fresh jalapeno peppers from the garden

birthday lunch of ethical pork and beef ribs, corn bread, and coleslaw (eaten in a blanket fort! best birthday lunch!)

birthday lunch of ethical pork and beef ribs, corn bread, and coleslaw (eaten in a blanket fort! best birthday lunch!)

I’ve been doing a lot, a lot, of knitting and other crafts. Not least because I’ve had periods where all I can do is watch soothing TV and do something calm and repetitive. I’ve not been good at posting about it, though, nor updating Ravelry, and I have to admit that I’ve been casting on an awful lot of things for the “whee!” feeling of a new project, and not completing them. By my count I currently have at least 17 WIPs, most of which haven’t yet hit the “half done” mark.

I’ve instituted a kanban board on the wall of my living room for my craft projects (with an extra, innovative “> 1/2 DONE” column, because casting on and then putting it aside is a big issue for me) so I can see how many I have to finish. Sadly, it doesn’t work all that well to stop me casting on new things, because I just conveniently “forget” to add a sticker for the new project. Sigh. Oh well, at least every so often I can bring it up to date and it helps me remember what I have going, better than a pile of mystery project bags in the coffee table drawers ever could.

A week or so back I decided to try and reduce my WIPs considerably. My new rule (and let’s see how long I stick to it) is to have one large and one small/portable project out and work-on-able at any time, choosing the easiest to complete at any given time, according to the debt snowball method. Right now I’m working on a pair of fingerless mitts made from the tail ends of two colours of Mountain Colors Bearfoot, and a deathly dull product-knitting slog: a black hoodie in Bendigo Woollen Mills Classic 8 ply and in mostly stocking stitch. Both are made-up patterns, the hoodie being vaguely EPS-based, and the mittens basically just tubes with thumb-trick thumbs.

half-finished black hoodie

boring hoodie of boringness

red and brown striped fingerless mitts in progress

slightly less boring, but only just

My only escape from the “get through some bloody WIPs” effort is that I’ve told myself that I can knit hats for charity using wool from my charity-knitting basket, which I gathered up from all the odd scattered places and put in one pile last week. A hat usually takes about 2 evenings and is a quick distraction if I really must cast on something new. There’s at least a dozen hats worth of wool there, or roughly one for each reasonably-finishable project on the WIP list. (Some of the WIPs aren’t reasonably finishable, as they’re things like a mitred sock yarn blanket that will take years to gather odds and ends to make, or are super low priority, like the charming half-finished Scandinavian cross stitch table runner I found at a craft swap day — I have no qualms about that sitting quietly where it is for a long time.)

As for the garden… it’s a mess, and I’m late with planting everything, and that’s okay. I’m eating from it if not every day, then definitely every few days, and I have tomatoes, peppers, and eggplant coming along nicely for later in the summer. No clipboard, no red pen, right?

One thing that has been going well for me is that I’ve been making a pretty steady practice of getting rid of stuff. Somehow I’ve got to a point where it gives me a good, clean feeling to finish something and not have it any more, or to put something unused in the pile for the op shop (which seldom gets bigger than I can carry in my bike basket). Yesterday I had a momentary bout of “what if I applied for this amazing job and had to move house again?” and it made me think even more about how much stuff I have that I don’t need. I’m not going to apply for the job, but it did give me a kick in the pants about all my stuff.

A friend’s recently been talking up a decluttering guru who talks about getting rid of things that don’t spark joy, and it’s been good for me to think of my excess stuff in that way. It makes it much easier to say “no”. I don’t think I’m anywhere near Japanese minimalism (lol, no) but it does make it easier to get rid of things I’m keeping out of a sense of “ought”.

Finally, today I got a cleaner in, and she’s going to be coming regularly. I’ll be interested to see how much it changes my sense of overwhelmedness and whether it helps me get back on a more even keel with some of the other stuff I want to spend my energy on. I’ll give it a few months and then evaluate the costs/benefits; it’s a big chunk of my fairly tight budget, but I hope a worthwhile one for my mental health, which in turn is good for my so-called “actual” work.

I’m not going to make any new year’s resolutions, because they don’t work well for me. But here’s hoping 2015 is a good one!

The final episode of the Report

Dec. 19th, 2014 03:57
sailorptah: Jon and Stephen (stephen colbert)
[personal profile] sailorptah
has aired, and I have finally gotten my hands on a download.

Spoilers follow.

Reactions... )
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Posted by Greg Wyshynski

No. 1 Star: Anze Kopitar, Los Angeles Kings 

Kopitar has a career-best 5-point night as the Los Angeles Kings won a wild 6-4 game against the St. Louis Blues and Marty Brodeur. Kopitar assisted on Marian Gaborik’s two goals, Jeff Carter’s game-trying goal and Jake Muzzin’s game-winning goal. He also scored a goal of his own in the second period, his seventh.

No. 2 Star: Marc-Andre Fleury, Pittsburgh Penguins

Fleury made 29 saves for his NHL-leading sixth shutout as the Penguins defeated the Colorado Avalanche, 1-0. Blake Comeau had the lone goal.

No. 3 Star: Eric Fehr, Washington Capitals

After a brilliant set-up by Mike Green, Fehr’s goal at 42 seconds of overtime gave the Washington Capitals a 5-4 win over the Columbus Blue Jackets. He also assisted on Joel Ward’s opening tally in the first period. The Capitals ended the Jackets’ winning streak at seven games.

Honorable Mention: Calvin Pickard made 47 saves in a losing effort for the Avs. … Brandon Pirri and Dave Bolland had shootout goals and Roberto Luongo made 25 saves a few more in the shootout as Florida defeated the Flyers, 2-1. … Andres Sekera and Justin Faulk had a goal and an assist as the Carolina Hurricanes stunned the streaking Toronto Maple Leafs, 4-1. … Matt Beleskey’s goal at 8:33 of the third period gave the Anaheim Ducks a lead they wouldn’t give up and a 2-1 win. Frederik Andersen made 23 saves. … Matt Tennyson and Barclay Goodnow scored in the third period as the San Jose Sharks rallied for 4-3 win over the Edmonton Oilers.

Did You Know? The Oilers only win over their past 18 games is against the Sharks.

Dishonorable Mention: Dalton Prout and Tom Wilson fought, and then Jared Boll and Michael Latta fought two seconds later in the second period. … Ryan Johansen, James Wisniewski and Boone Jenner were minus-3. … Joffrey Lupul was a minus-3. … Marty Brodeur gave up six goals, including a long-distance one from Dwight King. …  Max Pacioretty was hospitalized after a hit from Clayton Stoner.



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I read somewhere that if your cosplay cannot be washed, you could freeze it to get rid from the scent of sweat.
So I put Captain America in the freezer.
Once again.

New fic!

Dec. 19th, 2014 00:16
gorgeousnerd: #GN written in the red font from my layout on a black background. (Default)
[personal profile] gorgeousnerd
"(slam it to the left) if you're having a good time" (AO3 | DW)
One Direction/Radio 1 RPF, NC-17, 6855 words, Harry/Nick, for Gryles Fic Exchange
Breaking her ankle because of an illegal hit gutted Nick. Coming back from time away and falling for the opposing team's new skater definitely made things better, though.

Remember how I said I had three stories incoming? Here's the first! It's actually been up since earlier this week, but reveals just happened.

Couple of thoughts. )

5775 3rd night

Dec. 19th, 2014 03:35
thnidu: 10x10" shaped like a Hanukkah menorah, stripes of frosting for candles. lj:talvinamarich&daughter. Delicious! (Hanukkah cookie)
[personal profile] thnidu
5775 3rd night

Last night I remembered to turn the menorah around after it burned out so that the wax would not all build up in the same sockets night after night. Tonight I remembered to melt them in with a match so I wouldn't waste the shammes. I remembered to light them from left top right. And I remembered to call my sister in Texas, before it got very late, so we could schmooze and together share in my opening another one of the BOX OF EIGHT HANUKKAH PRESENTS she sent me!

What I didn't remember was to light the menorah till around 3 a.m.


piranha: stylized white figure lifting a red barbell with weights (Default)
renaissance poisson

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